The federal statute:
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a federal civil rights law that protects the rights of those with disabilities. It prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities and guarantees a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) to those who meet eligibility under (1), below. Students with a disability are to be provided the same opportunity to benefit from educational programs, services and activities as their nondisabled peers. This statute is implemented in school districts that receive funding from the U.S. Department of Education and is enforced by the Office for Civil Rights.