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Section 504

The federal statute:
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a federal civil rights law that protects the rights of those with disabilities.  It prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities and guarantees a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) to those who meet eligibility under (1), below.  Students with a disability are to be provided the same opportunity to benefit from educational programs, services and activities as their nondisabled peers.  This statute is implemented in school districts that receive funding from the U.S. Department of Education and is enforced by the Office for Civil Rights.

Those protected under Section 504:
(1)  Have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, or
(2)  have a record of such an impairment, or
(3)  are regarded as having such an impairment
 

OCR: Protecting Students with Disabilities (FAQs)